Living Guideline Reference List

Updated: January 4, 2021

Abbassi E, Sirmon-Taylor B. Recovery progression and symptom resolution in sport-related mild traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, (2017). 31(12),1667-1673.

Abeare CA, Messa I, Zuccato BG, Merker B, Erdodi L. Prevalence of invalid performance on baseline testing for sport-related concussion by age and validity indicator. JAMA Neurology, (2018). 1. Shi F,(6),697-703.

Aggarwal SS, Ott SD, Padhye NS, et al. Sex, race, ADHD, and prior concussions as predictors of concussion recovery in adolescents. Brain Inj [Internet]. 2020 May 11;34(6):811–9. Available from:

Aggarwal SS, Ott SD, Padhye NS, Meininger JC, Armstrong TS. Clinical and demographic predictors of concussion resolution in adolescents: A retrospective study. Applied Neuropsychology: Child, (2019). 8(1),50-60.

Alberts JL, Modic MT, Udeh B, et al. Development and implementation of a multi-disciplinary technology enhanced care pathway for youth and adults with concussion. J Vis Exp. 2019 Jan 1;2019(143).

Alberts JL, Thota A, Hirsch J, Ozinga S, Dey T, … Linder SM. Quantification of the Balance Error Scoring System with Mobile Technology. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, (2015). 47(10),2233-2240.

Alkathiry AA, Kontos AP, Furman JM, et al. Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex Function in Adolescents With Sport-Related Concussion: Preliminary Results. Sports Health [Internet]. 2019 Nov 14;11(6):479–85. Available from:

Alsalaheen B, Haines J, Yorke A, Diebold J. King-Devick Test reference values and associations with balance measures in high school American football players. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, (2016). 26(2),235-239.

Alsalaheen B, McClafferty A, Haines J, Smith L, Yorke A. Reference values for the balance error scoring system in adolescents. Brain Injury, (2016). 30(7),914-918.

Alsalaheen BA, Whitney SL, Marchetti GF, Furman JM, Kontos AP, … Sparto PJ. Relationship between cognitive assessment and balance measures in adolescents referred for vestibular physical therapy after concussion. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, (2016). 26(1),46-52.

Anderson SL, Gatens D, Glatts C, et al. Normative Data Set of SWAY Balance Mobile Assessment in Pediatric Athletes. Clin J Sport Med. 2019 Sep 1;29(5):413–20.

Anderson V, Davis GA, Takagi M, et al. Trajectories and Predictors of Clinician-Determined Recovery after Child Concussion. J Neurotrauma [Internet]. 2020 Jun 15;37(12):1392–400. Available from:

Anthony CA, Peterson AR. Utilization of a text-messaging robot to assess intraday variation in concussion symptom severity scores. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, (2015). 1. Shi F,(2),149-152.

Anzalone AJ, Blueitt D, Case T, McGuffin T, Pollard K, … Oliver JM. A Positive Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) Is Associated with Increased Recovery Time after Sports-Related Concussion in Youth and Adolescent Athletes. American Journal of Sports Medicine, (2017). 45(2),474-479.

Araujo GC, Antonini TN, Monahan K, Gelfius C, Klamar K, … Bodin D. The relationship between suboptimal effort and post-concussion symptoms in children and adolescents with mild traumatic brain injury. Clinical Neuropsychologist, (2014). 28(5),786-801.

Argyropoulou MI, Alexiou GA, Xydis VG, et al. Pediatric minor head injury imaging practices: results from an ESPR survey. Neuroradiology [Internet]. 2020 Feb 11;62(2):251–5. Available from:

Babcock L, Byczkowski T, Wade SL, Ho M, Bazarian JJ. Inability of S100B to predict postconcussion syndrome in children who present to the emergency department with mild traumatic brain injury: A brief report. Pediatric Emergency Care, (2013). 29(4),458-461.

Babcock L, Byczkowski T, Wade SL, Ho M, Mookerjee S, Bazarian JJ. Predicting Postconcussion Syndrome After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Children and Adolescents Who Present to the Emergency Department. JAMA Pediatrics, (2013). 167(2),156.

Babcock L, Kurowski BG, Zhang N, Dexheimer JW, Dyas J, Wade SL. Adolescents with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Get SMART: An Analysis of a Novel Web-Based Intervention. Telemedicine and e-Health, (2017). 23(7),600-607.

Babcock L, Yuan W, Leach J, Nash T, Wade S. White matter alterations in youth with acute mild traumatic brain injury. Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine, (2015). 8(4),285-296.

Babikian T, McArthur D, Asarnow RF. Predictors of 1-month and 1-year neurocognitive functioning from the UCLA longitudinal mild, uncomplicated, pediatric traumatic brain injury study. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, (2013). 19(2),145-154.

Babl FE, Dionisio D, Davenport L, Baylis A, Hearps SJC, … Davis GA. Accuracy of Components of SCAT to Identify Children With Concussion. Pediatrics, (2017). 1. Shi F,(2),e20163258.

Bailey C, Meyer J, Briskin S, et al. Multidisciplinary Concussion Management. J Head Trauma Rehabil [Internet]. 2019;34(6):375–84. Available from:

Baker DA, Connery AK, Kirk JW, Kirkwood MW. Embedded performance validity indicators within the california verbal learning test, childrens version. Clinical Neuropsychologist, (2014). 1. Shi F,(1),116-127.

Baker JG, Leddy JJ, Darling SR, Rieger BP, Mashtare TL, … Willer BS. Factors Associated with Problems for Adolescents Returning to the Classroom after Sport-Related Concussion. Clinical Pediatrics, (2015). 54(10),961-968.

Barker T, Russo SA, Barker G, Rice MA, Jeffrey MG, … Craddock TJA. A case matched study examining the reliability of using ImPACT to assess effects of multiple concussions. BMC Psychology, (2017). 5(1),1-9.

Barlow KM, Brooks BL, Esser MJ, et al. Efficacy of melatonin in children with postconcussive symptoms: A randomized clinical trial. Pediatrics [Internet]. 2020 Apr;145(4):e20192812. Available from:

Barlow KM, Crawford S, Brooks BL, Turley B, Mikrogianakis A. The Incidence of Postconcussion Syndrome Remains Stable Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Children. Pediatric Neurology, (2015). 53(6),491-497.

Barlow KM, Girgulis KA, Goldstein G, et al. Sleep Parameters and Overnight Urinary Melatonin Production in Children With Persistent Post-concussion Symptoms. Pediatr Neurol [Internet]. 2020 Apr 1;105:27–34. Available from:

Bazarian JJ, Blyth BJ, He H, Mookerjee S, Jones C, … Khan J. Classification Accuracy of Serum Apo A-I and S100B for the Diagnosis of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Prediction of Abnormal Initial Head Computed Tomography Scan. Journal of Neurotrauma, (2013). 30(20),1747-1754.

Beauchamp MH, Aglipay M, Yeates KO, Désiré N, Keightley M, … Moore J. Predictors of neuropsychological outcome after pediatric concussion. Neuropsychology, (2018). 32(4),495-508.

Beauchamp MH, Beare R, Ditchfield M, Coleman L, Babl FE, … Anderson V. Susceptibility weighted imaging and its relationship to outcome after pediatric traumatic brain injury. Cortex, (2013). 49(2),591-598.

Beebe DW, Powers SW, Slattery EW, Gubanich PJ. Short Sleep and Adolescentsʼ Performance on a Concussion Assessment Battery: An Experimental Sleep Manipulation Study. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, (2017). 0(0),1.

Bellerose J, Bernier A, Beaudoin C, Gravel J, Beauchamp MH. Long-term brain-injury-specific effects following preschool mild TBI: A study of theory of mind. Neuropsychology, (2017). 31(3),229-241.

Bernard C, McKinlay A, Krieser D, Testa R, Ponsford J. Acute post-concussive symptoms in young children. Brain Injury, (2017). 31(11),1414-1421.

Bernard CO, McKinlay A, Krieser D, et al. Postconcussive Symptoms Following Mild TBI and Extracranial Injury: What Are the Contributing Factors? J Int Neuropsychol Soc [Internet]. 2020 May 11;26(5):451–63. Available from:

Bernard CO, Ponsford JA, McKinlay A, McKenzie D, Krieser D. Predictors of post-concussive symptoms in young children: Injury versus non-injury related factors. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, (2016). 22(8),793-803.

Bernard CO, Ponsford JL, McKinlay A, McKenzie D, Krieser D. Do Concussive Symptoms Really Resolve in Young Children? Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, (2017). 32(6),413-424.

Berz K, Divine J, Foss KB, Heyl R, Ford KR, Myer GD. Sex-specific differences in the severity of symptoms and recovery rate following sports-related concussion in young athletes. Physician and Sportsmedicine, (2013). 41(2),58-63.

Białuńska A, Salvatore AP. The auditory comprehension changes over time after sport-related concussion can indicate multisensory processing dysfunctions. Brain and Behavior, (2017). 7(12),1-8.

Biederman J, Feinberg L, Chan J, Adeyemo BO, Woodworth KY, … Faraone S V. Mild traumatic brain injury and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in young student athletes. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, (2015). 203(11),813-819.

Billeck J, Peeler J. The influence of fatiguing exercise on Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT) scoring in a female pediatric population. Phys Sportsmed [Internet]. 2020 Oct 1;48(4):458–62. Available from:

Black AM, Miutz LN, KV VW, et al. Baseline Performance of High School Rugby Players on the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5. J Athl Train [Internet]. 2020 Feb 1;55(2):116–23. Available from:

Bock S, Grim R, Barron TF, Wagenheim A, Hu YE, … Deibert E. Factors associated with delayed recovery in athletes with concussion treated at a pediatric neurology concussion clinic. Child’s Nervous System, (2015). 31(11),2111-2116.

Bogner J, Brenner L, Malec J, et al. Concussive Symptoms following Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil [Internet]. 2020 Jul;35(4):279–87. Available from:

Bonfield CM, Lam S, Lin Y, Greene S. The impact of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on recovery from mild traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, (2013). 12(2),97-102.

Bonow RH, Friedman SD, Perez FA, Ellenbogen RG, Browd SR, … Rivara FP. Prevalence of Abnormal Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in Children with Persistent Symptoms after Pediatric Sports-Related Concussion. Journal of Neurotrauma, (2017). 34(19),2706-2712.

Borland ML, Dalziel SR, Phillips N, et al. Delayed Presentations to Emergency Departments of Children With Head Injury: A PREDICT Study. Ann Emerg Med [Internet]. 2019 Jul 1;74(1):1–10. Available from:

Bosworth C, Dodd JN. Noncredible effort on the Nonverbal-Medical Symptom Validity Test (NV-MSVT): Impact on cognitive performance in pediatric mild traumatic brain injury. Appl Neuropsychol Child [Internet]. 2020 Oct 1;9(4):367–74. Available from:

Botchway EN, Godfrey C, Anderson V, Catroppa C. A Systematic Review of Sleep-Wake Disturbances in Childhood Traumatic Brain Injury: Relationship with Fatigue, Depression, and Quality of Life. The Journal of head trauma rehabilitation, (2019). 34(4),241-256.

Boutis K, Gravel J, Freedman SB, Craig W, Tang K, … Zemek R. The Diagnosis of Concussion in Pediatric Emergency Departments: A Prospective Multicenter Study. Journal of Emergency Medicine, (2018). 54(6),757-765.

Boutis K, Weerdenburg K, Koo E, Schneeweiss S, Zemek R. The diagnosis of concussion in a pediatric emergency department. Journal of Pediatrics, (2015). 1. Shi F,(5),1214-1220.e1.

Bozan, Aksel G, Kahraman HA, et al. Comparison of PECARN and CATCH clinical decision rules in children with minor blunt head trauma. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg [Internet]. 2019 Oct 25;45(5):849–55. Available from:

Bramley H, Henson A, Lewis MM, Kong L, Stetter C, Silvis M. Sleep Disturbance Following Concussion Is a Risk Factor for a Prolonged Recovery. Clinical Pediatrics, (2017). 56(14),1280-1285.

Bramley H, Heverley S, Lewis MM, Kong L, Rivera R, Silvis M. Demographics and Treatment of Adolescent Posttraumatic Headache in a Regional Concussion Clinic. Pediatric Neurology, (2015). 52(5),493-498.

Bramley H, McFarland C, Lewis MM, Shaffer ML, Cilley R, … Dias MS. Short-term outcomes of sport- and recreation-related concussion in patients admitted to a pediatric trauma service. Clinical Pediatrics, (2014). 53(8),784-790.

Bresee N, Aglipay M, Dubrovsky AS, Ledoux A, Momoli F, … Zemek R. No association between metoclopramide treatment in ED and reduced risk of post-concussion headache. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, (2018). 36(12),2225-2231.

Bressan S, Clarke CJ, Anderson V, et al. Use of the sport concussion assessment tools in the emergency department to predict persistent post‐concussive symptoms in children. J Paediatr Child Health [Internet]. 2020 Aug 21;56(8):1249–56. Available from:

Brett BL, Smyk N, Solomon G, Baughman BC, Schatz P. Long-term Stability and Reliability of Baseline Cognitive Assessments in High School Athletes Using ImPACT at 1-, 2-, and 3-year Test–Retest Intervals. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, (2016). 1. Shi F,(August),904-914.

Brett BL, Solomon GS. The influence of validity criteria on Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) test–retest reliability among high school athletes. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, (2017). 39(3),286-295.

Brett BL, Zuckerman SL, Terry DP, Solomon GS, Iverson GL. Normative Data for the Sway Balance System. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, (2018).(00),1.

Broglio SP, Lapointe A, O’Connor KL, McCrea M. Head Impact Density: A Model To Explain the Elusive Concussion Threshold. Journal of Neurotrauma, (2017). 34(19),2675-2683.

Broglio SP, Williams R, Lapointe A, Rettmann A, Moore B, … Eckner JT. Brain network activation technology does not assist with concussion diagnosis and return to play in football athletes. Frontiers in Neurology, (2017). 8(JUN).

Brooks BL, Daya H, Khan S, Carlson HL, Mikrogianakis A, Barlow KM. Cognition in the Emergency Department as a Predictor of Recovery after Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, (2016). 22(4),379-387.

Brooks BL, Iverson GL, Atkins JE, Zafonte R, Berkner PD. Sex Differences and Self-Reported Attention Problems During Baseline Concussion Testing. Applied Neuropsychology: Child, (2016). 5(2),119-126.

Brooks BL, Kadoura B, Turley B, Crawford S, Mikrogianakis A, Barlow KM. Perception of recovery after pediatric mild traumatic brain injury is influenced by the “good old days” bias: Tangible implications for clinical practice and outcomes research. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, (2014). 29(2),186-193.

Brooks BL, Low TA, Daya H, Khan S, Mikrogianakis A, Barlow KM. Test or rest? Computerized cognitive testing in the emergency department after pediatric mild traumatic brain injury does not delay symptom recovery. Journal of Neurotrauma, (2016). 33(23),2091-2096.

Brooks BL, Mannix R, Maxwell B, Zafonte R, Berkner PD, Iverson GL. Multiple Past Concussions in High School Football Players. American Journal of Sports Medicine, (2016). 44(12),3243-3251.

Brooks BL, McKay CD, Mrazik M, Barlow KM, Meeuwisse WH, Emery CA. Subjective, but not Objective, Lingering Effects of Multiple Past Concussions in Adolescents. Journal of Neurotrauma, (2013). 1. Shi F,(17),1469-1475.

Brooks BL, Mrazik M, Barlow KM, McKay CD, Meeuwisse WH, Emery CA. Absence of differences between male and female adolescents with prior sport concussion. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, (2014). 29(3),257-264.

Brooks BL, Plourde V, Beauchamp MH, Tang K, Yeates KO, … Zemek R. Predicting Psychological Distress after Pediatric Concussion. Journal of Neurotrauma, (2019). 36(5),679-685.

Brooks BL, Sayers PQ, Virani S, Rajaram AA, Tomfohr-Madsen L. Insomnia in adolescents with slow recovery from concussion. Journal of Neurotrauma, (2019). 36(16),2391-2399.

Brooks BL, Virani S, Khetani A, et al. Functional magnetic resonance imaging study of working memory several years after pediatric concussion. Brain Inj [Internet]. 2020 Jun 6;34(7):895–904. Available from:

Brooks MA, Snedden TR, Mixis B, Hetzel S, McGuine TA. Establishing baseline normative values for the child sport concussion assessment tool. JAMA Pediatrics, (2017). 171(7),670-677.

Brooks TM, Smith MM, Silvis RM, Lerer T, Mulvey CH, … Smith SR. Symptom-Guided Emergency Department Discharge Instructions for Children with Concussion. Pediatric Emergency Care, (2017). 33(8),553-563.

Brown NJ, Mannix RC, O’Brien MJ, Gostine D, Collins MW, Meehan WP. Effect of Cognitive Activity Level on Duration of Post-Concussion Symptoms. Pediatrics, (2014). 133(2),e299-e304.

Bunt SC, Didehbani N, Tarkenton T, et al. Sex Differences and Reporting of SCAT-5 Concussion Symptoms in Adolescent Athletes. Clin J Sport Med [Internet]. 2020 Jan 24;Publish Ah(00). Available from:

Caccese JB, DeWolf RM, Kaminski TW, et al. Estimated Age of First Exposure to American Football and Neurocognitive Performance Amongst NCAA Male Student-Athletes: A Cohort Study. Sport Med. 2019 Mar 13;49(3):477–87.

Caze II T, Knell GP, Abt J, et al. Management and Treatment of Concussions via Tele-Concussion in a Pediatric Setting: Methodological Approach and Descriptive Analysis. JMIR Pediatr Parent [Internet]. 2020 May 6;3(2):e19924. Available from:

Chamard E, Lichtenstein JD. A systematic review of neuroimaging findings in children and adolescents with sports-related concussion. Brain Injury, (2018). 32(7),816-831.

Champigny CM, Rawana J, Iverson GL, et al. Influence of Anxiety on Baseline Cognitive Testing and Symptom Reporting in Adolescent Student Athletes. J Neurotrauma [Internet]. 2020 Dec 15;37(24):2632–8. Available from:

Chan C, Iverson GL, Purtzki J, Wong K, Kwan V, … Silverberg ND. Safety of Active Rehabilitation for Persistent Symptoms After Pediatric Sport-Related Concussion : A Randomized Controlled Trial. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, (2018). 99(2),242-249.

Chan S, Kurowski B, Byczkowski T, Timm N. Intravenous migraine therapy in children with posttraumatic headache in the ED. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, (2015). 33(5),635-639.

Chasle V, Riffaud L, Longuet R, Martineau-Curt M, Collet Y, … Pladys P. Mild head injury and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children. Child’s Nervous System, (2016). 32(12),2357-2361.

Chern JJ, Sarda S, Howard BM, Jea A, Tubbs RS, … Boydston W. Utility of surveillance imaging after minor blunt head trauma. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, (2014). 14(3),306-310.

Chin EY, Nelson LD, Barr WB, McCrory P, McCrea MA. Reliability and validity of the sport concussion assessment tool-3 (SCAT3) in high school and collegiate athletes. American Journal of Sports Medicine, (2016). 44(9),2276-2285.

Chrisman SPD, Richardson LP. Prevalence of diagnosed depression in adolescents with history of concussion. Journal of Adolescent Health, (2014). 54(5),582-586.

Chrisman SPD, Whitlock KB, Mendoza JA, et al. Corrigendum: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of an Exercise Program Requiring Minimal In-person Visits for Youth With Persistent Sport-Related Concussion (Frontiers in Neurology, (2019), 10, (623), 10.3389/fneur.2019.00623) [Internet]. Vol. 11, Frontiers in Neurology. Frontiers Media S.A.; 2020. Available from:

Chrisman SPD, Whitlock KB, Somers E, Burton MS, Herring SA, … Rivara FP. Pilot study of the Sub-Symptom Threshold Exercise Program (SSTEP) for persistent concussion symptoms in youth. NeuroRehabilitation, (2017). 40(4),493-499.

Chung AW, Mannix R, Feldman HA, et al. Longitudinal structural connectomic and rich-club analysis in adolescent mTBI reveals persistent, distributed brain alterations acutely through to one year post-injury. Sci Rep [Internet]. 2019 Dec 11;9(1):18833. Available from:

Clark R, Stanfill AG. A Systematic Review of Barriers and Facilitators for Concussion Reporting Behavior among Student Athletes. Vol. 26, Journal of Trauma Nursing. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2019. p. 297–311.

Cohen E, Rodean J, Diong C, Hall M, Freedman SB, … Neuman MI. Low-Value Diagnostic Imaging Use in the Pediatric Emergency Department in the United States and Canada. JAMA Pediatrics, (2019). 173(8).

Cohrs G, Huhndorf M, Niemczyk N, Volz LJ, Bernsmeier A, … Knerlich-Lukoschus F. MRI in mild pediatric traumatic brain injury: Diagnostic overkill or useful tool? Child’s Nervous System, (2018). 34(7),1345-1352.

Collings LJ, Cook NE, Porter S, Kusch C, Sun J, … Panenka WJ. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is associated with baseline child sport concussion assessment tool third edition scores in child hockey players. Brain Injury, (2017). 31(11),1479-1485.

Concannon LG, Kaufman MS, Herring SA. The million dollar question: When should an athlete retire after concussion? Current sports medicine reports, (2014). 13(6),365-369.

Conder RL, Conder AA, Register-Mihalik J, Conder LH, Newton S. Preliminary Normative Data on the Penn State University Symbol Cancellation Task With Nonconcussed Adolescents. Applied Neuropsychology: Child, (2015). 4(3),141-147.

Connolly EJ, McCormick BF. Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Psychopathology in Adolescence: Evidence From the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods. Journal of Adolescent Health, (2019). 65(1),79-85.

Cook NE, Huang DS, Silverberg ND, Brooks BL, Maxwell B, … Iverson GL. Baseline cognitive test performance and concussion-like symptoms among adolescent athletes with ADHD: examining differences based on medication use. Clinical Neuropsychologist, (2017). 31(8),1341-1352.

Cook NE, Kelshaw PM, Caswell S V, Iverson GL. Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Perform Differently on Pediatric Concussion Assessment. Journal of Pediatrics, (2019). 214,168-174.e1.

Cook NE, Sapigao RG, Silverberg ND, et al. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Mimics the Post-concussion Syndrome in Adolescents. Front Pediatr [Internet]. 2020 Feb 5;8. Available from:

Copley M, Jimenez N, Kroshus E, et al. Disparities in Use of Subspecialty Concussion Care Based on Ethnicity. J Racial Ethn Heal Disparities [Internet]. 2020 Jun 2;7(3):571–6. Available from:

Corbin-Berrigan LA, Gagnon I. Postconcussion symptoms as a marker of delayed recovery in children and youth who recently sustained a concussion: A brief report. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, (2017). 27(3),325-327.

Corbin-Berrigan LA, Kowalski K, Faubert J, et al. Could Neurotracker be used as a clinical marker of recovery following pediatric mild traumatic brain injury? An exploratory study. Brain Inj [Internet]. 2020 Feb 23;34(3):385–9. Available from:

Cordingley D, Girardin R, Reimer K, Ritchie L, Leiter J, … Ellis MJ. Graded aerobic treadmill testing in pediatric sports-related concussion: safety, clinical use, and patient outcomes. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, (2016). 18(6),693-702.

Corwin DJ, Arbogast KB, Swann C, et al. Reliability of the visio-vestibular examination for concussion among providers in a pediatric emergency department. Am J Emerg Med [Internet]. 2020 Sep;38(9):1847–53. Available from:

Corwin DJ, Propert KJ, Zorc JJ, Zonfrillo MR, Wiebe DJ. Use of the vestibular and oculomotor examination for concussion in a pediatric emergency department. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, (2019). 37(7),1219-1223.

Corwin DJ, Wiebe DJ, Zonfrillo MR, Grady MF, Robinson RL, … Master CL. Vestibular deficits following youth concussion. Journal of Pediatrics, (2015). 166(5),1221-1225.

Corwin DJ, Zonfrillo MR, Master CL, Arbogast KB, Grady MF, … Wiebe DJ. Characteristics of Prolonged Concussion Recovery in a Pediatric Subspecialty Referral Population. The Journal of Pediatrics, (2014). 165(6),1207-1215.

Corwin DJ, Zonfrillo MR, Wiebe DJ, Master CL, Grady MF, Arbogast KB. Vestibular and oculomotor findings in neurologically-normal, non-concussed children. Brain Injury, (2018). 32(6),794-799.

Coslick AM, Chin KE, Kalb LG, et al. Participation in Physical Activity at Time of Presentation to a Specialty Concussion Clinic Is Associated With Shorter Time to Recovery. PM R [Internet]. 2020 Dec 3;12(12):1195–204. Available from:

Cossette I, Gagné M-È, Ouellet M-C, Fait P, Gagnon I, … McFadyen BJ. Executive dysfunction following a mild traumatic brain injury revealed in early adolescence with locomotor-cognitive dual-tasks. Brain Injury, (2016). 30(13-14),1648-1655.

Covassin T, Crutcher B, Wallace J. Does a 20 minute cognitive task increase concussion symptoms in concussed athletes? Brain Injury, (2013). 27(13-14),1589-1594.

Covassin T, Elbin R, Crutcher B. The Relationship Between Coping, Neurocognitive Performance, and Concussion Symptoms in High School and Collegiate Athletes. The sport psychologist, (2013). 27(4),372-379.

Covassin T, Elbin RJ, Bleecker A, Lipchik A, Kontos AP. Are there differences in neurocognitive function and symptoms between male and female soccer players after concussions? American Journal of Sports Medicine, (2013). 41(12),2890-2895.

Crichton A, Oakley E, Babl FE, Greenham M, Hearps S, … Anderson V. Predicting Fatigue 12 Months after Child Traumatic Brain Injury: Child Factors and Postinjury Symptoms. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, (2018). 24(3),224-236.

Crichton AJ, Ignjatovic V, Babl F, et al. Interleukin-8 Predicts Fatigue at 12 Months Post-injury in Children with Traumatic Brain Injury. J Neurotrauma [Internet]. 2019 Dec 27;neu.2018.6083. Available from:

Crowe L, Collie A, Hearps S, Dooley J, Clausen H, … Anderson V. Cognitive and physical symptoms of concussive injury in children: A detailed longitudinal recovery study. British Journal of Sports Medicine, (2016). 50(5),311-316.

Crowe LM, Anderson V, Barton S, Babl FE, Catroppa C. Verbal ability and language outcome following traumatic brain injury in early childhood. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, (2014). 29(3),217-223.

Cushman DM, Borowski L, Hansen C, et al. Gabapentin and Tricyclics in the Treatment of Post-Concussive Headache, a Retrospective Cohort Study. Headache J Head Face Pain [Internet]. 2019 Mar 1;59(3):371–82. Available from:

Custer A, Sufrinko A, Elbin RJ, Covassin T, Collins M, Kontos A. High baseline postconcussion symptom scores and concussion outcomes in athletes. Journal of Athletic Training, (2016). 51(2),136-141.

Darling SR, Leddy JJ, Baker JG, Williams AJ, Surace A, … Willer B. Evaluation of the Zurich Guidelines and exercise testing for return to play in adolescents following concussion. Clin J Sport Med, (2014). 24(2),128-133.

Davis GA, Purcell L, Schneider KJ, Yeates KO, Gioia GA, … Kutcher JS. Sport concussion assessment tool for childrens ages 5 to 12 years. British Journal of Sports Medicine, (2017). 51(862-869),bjsports-2017-097492childscat5.

Davis GA, Purcell L, Schneider KJ, Yeates KO, Gioia GA, … Kutcher JS. The Child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5th Edition (Child SCAT5): Background and rationale. British journal of sports medicine, (2017). 51(11),859-861.

De Matteo C, Volterman KA, Breithaupt PG, Claridge EA, Adamich J, Timmons BW. Exertion testing in youth with mild traumatic brain injury/concussion. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, (2015). 47(11),2283-2290.

Dégeilh F, Bernier A, Gravel J, Beauchamp MH. Developmental trajectories of adaptive functioning following early mild traumatic brain injury. Developmental Psychobiology, (2018). 60(8),1037-1047.

Del Rossi G, Anania T, Lopez RM. Early Aerobic Exercise for the Treatment of Acute Pediatric Concussions. J Athl Train [Internet]. 2020 Jul 1;55(7):649–57. Available from:

Delefortrie Q, Lejeune F, Kerzmann B, Levy R, Adam JF, … Hachimi-Idrissi S. Evaluation of the Roche® Elecsys and the Diasorin® Liaison S100 kits in the management of mild head injury in the emergency room. Clinical Biochemistry, (2018). 52(August 2017),123-130.

DeMatteo C, Bednar ED, Randall S, et al. Effectiveness of return to activity and return to school protocols for children postconcussion: a systematic review. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med [Internet]. 2020 Feb 24;6(1):e000667. Available from:

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