Research papers that support the present guideline recommendations:

Babcock, L., Kurowski, B. G., Zhang, N., Dexheimer, J. W., Dyas, J., & Wade, S. L. (2017). Adolescents with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Get SMART: An Analysis of a Novel Web-Based Intervention. Telemedicine and E-Health, 23(7), 600–607.

Grubenhoff, J. A., Currie, D., Comstock, R. D., Juarez-Colunga, E., Bajaj, L., & Kirkwood, M. W. (2016). Psychological Factors Associated with Delayed Symptom Resolution in Children with Concussion. Journal of Pediatrics, 174(303), 27–32.e1.

Heyworth, B. E., Carroll, K. M., Rizza, A. J., McInnis, K. C., & Gill, T. J. (2014). Treatment of Concussion in High School Athletes: A Proposed Protocol for Athletic and Academic Return to Activity. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(7), 2015.

McNally, K. A., Patrick, K. E., LaFleur, J. E., Dykstra, J. B., Monahan, K., & Hoskinson, K. R. (2018). Brief cognitive behavioral intervention for children and adolescents with persistent post-concussive symptoms: A pilot study. Child Neuropsychology, 24(3), 396–412.

Newman, J. B., Reesman, J. H., Vaughan, C. G., & Gioia, G. A. (2013). Assessment of processing speed in children with mild tbi: A “first look” at the validity of pediatric ImPACT. Clinical Neuropsychologist, 27(5), 779–793.

Nikles, C. J., McKinlay, L., Mitchell, G. K., Carmont, S. A. S., Senior, H. E., Waugh, M. C. A., … Lloyd, O. T. (2014). Aggregated n-of-1 trials of central nervous system stimulants versus placebo for paediatric traumatic brain injury – a pilot study. Trials, 15(1), 1–11.

Peltonen, K., Vartiainen, M., Laitala-Leinonen, T., Koskinen, S., Luoto, T., Pertab, J., & Hokkanen, L. (2019). Adolescent athletes with learning disability display atypical maturational trajectories on concussion baseline testing: Implications based on a Finnish sample. Child Neuropsychology, 25(3), 336–351.

Ransom, D. M., Vaughan, C. G., Pratson, L., Sady, M. D., McGill, C. A., & Gioia, G. A. (2015). Academic Effects of Concussion in Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics, 135(6), 1043–1050.

Reddy, C. C., Collins, M., Lovell, M., & Kontos, A. P. (2013). Efficacy of amantadine treatment on symptoms and neurocognitive performance among adolescents following sports-related concussion. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 28(4), 260–265.

Reed, N., Taha, T., Monette, G., & Keightley, M. (2016). A Preliminary Exploration of Concussion and Strength Performance in Youth Ice Hockey Players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 37(9), 708–713.

Taylor, K. M., Kioumourtzoglou, M. A., Clover, J., Coull, B. A., Dennerlein, J. T., Bellinger, D. C., & Weisskopf, M. G. (2018). Concussion History and Cognitive Function in a Large Cohort of Adolescent Athletes. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 46(13), 3262–3270.

Wasserman, E. B., Bazarian, J. J., Mapstone, M., Block, R., & Van Wijngaarden, E. (2016). Academic dysfunction after a concussion among US high school and college students. American Journal of Public Health, 106(7), 1247–1253.

Last update: November 16, 2019