Research papers that support the present guideline recommendations:

Beebe, D. W., Powers, S. W., Slattery, E. W., & Gubanich, P. J. (2017). Short Sleep and Adolescentsʼ Performance on a Concussion Assessment Battery: An Experimental Sleep Manipulation Study. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 0(0), 1.

Blake, M., Schwartz, O., Waloszek, J.M., Raniti, M., Simmons, J.G., … Allen, N.B. (2017). The SENSE Study: Treatment Mechanisms of a Cognitive Behavioral and Mindfulness-Based Group Sleep Improvement Intervention for At-Risk Adolescents. Sleep. 40(6).

Botchway, E. N., Godfrey, C., Anderson, V., & Catroppa, C. (2019). A Systematic Review of Sleep-Wake Disturbances in Childhood Traumatic Brain Injury: Relationship with Fatigue, Depression, and Quality of Life. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 34(4), 241–256.

Bramley, H., Henson, A., Lewis, M. M., Kong, L., Stetter, C., & Silvis, M. (2017). Sleep Disturbance Following Concussion Is a Risk Factor for a Prolonged Recovery. Clinical Pediatrics, 56(14), 1280–1285.

Brooks, B. L., Sayers, P. Q., Virani, S., Rajaram, A. A., & Tomfohr-Madsen, L. (2019). Insomnia in adolescents with slow recovery from concussion. Journal of Neurotrauma, 36(16), 2391–2399.

Crichton, A., Oakley, E., Babl, F. E., Greenham, M., Hearps, S., Delzoppo, C., … Anderson, V. (2018). Predicting Fatigue 12 Months after Child Traumatic Brain Injury: Child Factors and Postinjury Symptoms. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 24(3), 224–236.

de Bruin, E.J., Bögels, S.M., Oort, F.J., Meijer, A.M. (2015). Efficacy of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia in Adolescents: A Randomized Controlled Trial with Internet Therapy, Group Therapy and A Waiting List Condition. Sleep. 38(12),1913-1926.

Gradisar, M., Dohn, H., Gardner, G., Paine, S., Starkey, K … Trenowden, S. (2011). A Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy Plus Bright Light Therapy for Adolescent Delayed Sleep Phase Disorder. Sleep. 34(12),1671-1680.

Howell, D. R., Oldham, J. R., Brilliant, A. N., & Meehan, W. P. (2019). Trouble Falling Asleep After Concussion Is Associated With Higher Symptom Burden Among Children and Adolescents. Journal of Child Neurology, 34(5), 256–261.

Kostyun, R. O., Milewski, M. D., & Hafeez, I. (2015). Sleep disturbance and neurocognitive function during the recovery from a sport-related concussion in adolescents. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(3), 633–640.

Landry-Roy, C., Bernier, A., Gravel, J., & Beauchamp, M. H. (2018). Executive Functions and Their Relation to Sleep Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Preschoolers. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 24(8), 769–780.

Lin, K., & Tung, C. (2016). Acupuncture for Recovery from Pediatric Sport-Related Concussion. Medical Acupuncture, 28(4), 217–222.

Meng, X., Li, Y., Li, S., Zhou, Y., Gan, R. Y., Xu, D. P., & Li, H. B. (2017). Dietary Sources and Bioactivities of Melatonin. Nutrients9(4), 367.

Murdaugh, D. L., Ono, K. E., Reisner, A., & Burns, T. G. (2018). Assessment of Sleep Quantity and Sleep Disturbances During Recovery From Sports-Related Concussion in Youth Athletes. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 99(5), 960–966.

Schmidt, A. T., Li, X., Hanten, G. R., McCauley, S. R., Faber, J., & Levin, H. S. (2015). A longitudinal investigation of sleep quality in adolescents and young adults after mild traumatic brain injury. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 28(2), 53–62.

Sunnybrook Health Science Centre. Sleep Issues After Concussion.

Tham, S. W., Fales, J., & Palermo, T. M. (2015). Subjective and Objective Assessment of Sleep in Adolescents with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of Neurotrauma, 32(11), 847–852.

Theadom, A., Starkey, N., Jones, K., Cropley, M., Parmar, P., Barker-Collo, S., & Feigin, V. L. (2016). Sleep difficulties and their impact on recovery following mild traumatic brain injury in children. Brain Injury, 30(10), 1243–1248.

Wiseman-Hakes, C., Gosselin, N., Sharma, B., Langer, L., & Gagnon, I. (2019). A Longitudinal Investigation of Sleep and Daytime Wakefulness in Children and Youth With Concussion. ASN Neuro, 11.


Research papers not associated with a current recommendation:

van Markus-Doornbosch, F., Peeters, E., van der Pas, S., Vlieland, T. V., & Meesters, J. (2019). Physical activity after mild traumatic brain injury: What are the relationships with fatigue and sleep quality? European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, 23(1), 53–60.

Last update: November 16, 2019