Research papers that support the present guideline recommendations:

Botchway, E. N., Godfrey, C., Anderson, V., & Catroppa, C. (2019). A Systematic Review of Sleep-Wake Disturbances in Childhood Traumatic Brain Injury: Relationship with Fatigue, Depression, and Quality of Life. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 34(4), 241–256.

Bramley, H., Henson, A., Lewis, M. M., Kong, L., Stetter, C., & Silvis, M. (2017). Sleep Disturbance Following Concussion Is a Risk Factor for a Prolonged Recovery. Clinical Pediatrics, 56(14), 1280–1285.

Brooks, B. L., Sayers, P. Q., Virani, S., Rajaram, A. A., & Tomfohr-Madsen, L. (2019). Insomnia in adolescents with slow recovery from concussion. Journal of Neurotrauma, 36(16), 2391–2399.

Crichton, A., Oakley, E., Babl, F. E., Greenham, M., Hearps, S., Delzoppo, C., … Anderson, V. (2018). Predicting Fatigue 12 Months after Child Traumatic Brain Injury: Child Factors and Postinjury Symptoms. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 24(3), 224–236.

Howell, D. R., Oldham, J. R., Brilliant, A. N., & Meehan, W. P. (2019). Trouble Falling Asleep After Concussion Is Associated With Higher Symptom Burden Among Children and Adolescents. Journal of Child Neurology, 34(5), 256–261.

Kostyun, R. O., Milewski, M. D., & Hafeez, I. (2015). Sleep disturbance and neurocognitive function during the recovery from a sport-related concussion in adolescents. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(3), 633–640.

Landry-Roy, C., Bernier, A., Gravel, J., & Beauchamp, M. H. (2018). Executive Functions and Their Relation to Sleep Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Preschoolers. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 24(8), 769–780.

Murdaugh, D. L., Ono, K. E., Reisner, A., & Burns, T. G. (2018). Assessment of Sleep Quantity and Sleep Disturbances During Recovery From Sports-Related Concussion in Youth Athletes. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 99(5), 960–966.

Tham, S. W., Fales, J., & Palermo, T. M. (2015). Subjective and Objective Assessment of Sleep in Adolescents with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of Neurotrauma, 32(11), 847–852.

Theadom, A., Starkey, N., Jones, K., Cropley, M., Parmar, P., Barker-Collo, S., & Feigin, V. L. (2016). Sleep difficulties and their impact on recovery following mild traumatic brain injury in children. Brain Injury, 30(10), 1243–1248.

Wiseman-Hakes, C., Gosselin, N., Sharma, B., Langer, L., & Gagnon, I. (2019). A Longitudinal Investigation of Sleep and Daytime Wakefulness in Children and Youth With Concussion. ASN Neuro, 11.


Research papers not associated with a current recommendation:

van Markus-Doornbosch, F., Peeters, E., van der Pas, S., Vlieland, T. V., & Meesters, J. (2019). Physical activity after mild traumatic brain injury: What are the relationships with fatigue and sleep quality? European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, 23(1), 53–60.

Last update: November 16, 2019